The results of wine-growers and winemakers round table in Odessa
The results of wine-growers and winemakers round table in Odessa on the 4th of February, 2010.
The Round Table of the Ukrainian wine-growers and winemakers on the problems and perspectives of viticulture and winemaking development in Ukraine has taken place on the 4th of February, 2010 in Odessa within the frameworks of specialised exhibitions “Wine and winemaking” and “High degree”. The round table was organised under the presidency of Vice-President of Association “Wine-growers and winemakers of Odessa region”, Chairman of Board of JSC “Peremogha”, President of JSC “Victoria” Vladislav Pleshivtsev in со-presidency with the Director of Institute of wine growing and winemaking named after V.E.Tairov Vyacheslav Vlasov. Director of Association “Wine-growers and winemakers of Ukraine” Sergey Petrenko and Head of Board of JSC JV “Black Sea Pearl” Evgeniy Oleynikov also have taken part in round desktop.
During its holding participants focused attention on few questions which solution is essential for viticulture and winemaking branches development. The one of the important questions raised up by participants within the frameworks of round table became the issue of quality control of domestic wine production.
According to Vladislav Pleshivtsev, there are “various commissions and institutes which fulfill both physical and chemical and organoleptic analysis of wine production today that means that state control of production exists. There is a problem in the issue of Ukrainian wine quality today in the lack of activity of public organisations, because they are very who can uncover qualitative or poor-quality producers. And it is necessary to broadcast such kind of information through mass media, Society of protection of consumers, State Standard etc.”
Vladislav Pleshivtsev emphasized that today branch public organisations could be engaged both for revealing of poor-quality production on the shops’ shelves, and for promoting of domestic wine production.
Head of Association “Wine-growers and winemakers of Ukraine” Sergey Petrenko, thus, added that branch is in need of independent expertise of wine production, because expertises provided by the unrenowned dependent organisations sometimes could appear as the struggle mechanism with each other. Representing cross-sectional All-Ukrainian branch Association, S.Petrenko expressed his readiness to undertake responsibility for the organisation of such kind of expertise and publication the results of analyses in mass-media. “It is important in order to avoid pressure on institutes during expertise to have no possibility to know what exactly wine it is: to select samples, to assign them numbers and to carry out expertise. Except the Ukrainian wines, it can be import production as Ukraine has no right to control quality of import production today under the conditions taken by Ukraine at the accession to WTO”, - S.Petrenko has told.
On the other hand, all participants have agreed that Ukrainian viticulture and winemaking branches co-operate with a science insufficiently.
Thus, according to Vladislav Pleshivtsev, today projects on vineyards planting is realized by companies which have received the licence for this type of activity, however, the level of qualification of these firms and their main activity are not clear. To his mind, scientific institutes also should be engaged in realization of vineyards planting projects as they understand, what sorts of grapes is necessary to implant and in what areas. Vice-President of Association «Wine-growers and winemakers of the Odessa region» underlined, that from that point has started all European winemaking.
Director of Institute of wine growing and winemaking named after Tairov Vyacheslav Vlasov has agreed with him, having added at the same time that “he main trouble of Ukrainian winemakers is in lack of single administrative body in our branch at present time. Last year we tried to establish National Council on viticulture and winemaking under Ministry of agrarian policy or Cabinet. However on practice it has appeared that political machinery has not supported this idea. At the same time, I would like to mark that such mechanism as earlier offered National Council on viticulture and winemaking exists in all winemaking countries of Europe. They accurately monitor all important parameters for branch: carry out certification on planting stock, develop categorisation of wines etc. More over they solve daily questions. As a matter of fact today Ukrainian viticulture branch is uncontrollable or controlled incidentally by forces of department of winegrowing at Ministry of agrarian policy”.
The urgent necessity in single branch authority of viniculture and winemaking is one more vital issue which was discussed during the round table.
According to Sergey Petrenko, today in Ukraine there was a gap between legislative, executive authority and business, thereat the most suffered from such gap was business. Thus, in 1999 the law about regulatory policy in Ukraine according to which any normative act published by the central executive authorities and local executive authorities, should pass public expertise has been adopted. Nevertheless, such public expertise of regulatory legal acts in practice does not take place, because there are a lot of small pocket organisations which established for lobbying of one or two issues of definite financial or business groups today. And these interests often contradict one another. Sergey Petrenko has underlined that in such situation “it is very difficult for representatives of executive authorities to understand existing problems of branch. And some business structures use this situation to get us to close quarters. For this reason the question of establishing of the single professional organization is actual today more than ever”.
S.Petrenko also has proposed to apply by the results of round table to the acting Prime minister, President and head of committee of Verkhovnaya Rada on agrarian policy and land relations issues with the proposal to establish single branch authority – the prototype of professional association of wine-growers and winemakers. The top-priority goal of this organization will be providing of public expertise of all regulatory legal acts which are tabled both to executive, and legislative powers. It is also supposed that this organisation will plan and adopt the Ukrainian viniculture and winemaking development strategy. “At that, it is very important, - has underlined S.Petrenko, - that all branch solutions base upon science. Therefore I see as the leaders of this authority to be representatives of our scientific institutes. We’ve got support in this question for applying to state structures with the proposal to start establishing of such structure or under Verkhovnaya Rada, either Cabinet or Ministry of agropolicy from institute Magarach”.
At the same time, Evgeniy Oleynikov, head of the largest company of primary winemaking in the Odessa region, is disturbed by social aspects of Ukrainian viniculture and winemaking. In his opinion, today Ukraine is on the threshold of global changes of domestic market in connection with threat from outside foreign producers at accession of Ukraine to the world market. Head of “Black Sea Pearl” considers that the task for Ukraine in present conditions is to save the production and to minimise the stress at the accession to the world market as much as possible. He has also underlined that minimisation of stress for viniculture and winemaking branches was a task of the single public branch organisation. Along with this, head of viniculture enterprise has warned that unsuccessful attempts of state regulation of branch can lead to unfavourable consequences. According to Evgeniy Oleynikov, it is extremely insecure for domestic winemaking field to equalise the taxation by the duty on a level with strong alcohol, after all winemaking is much more labour-intensive and power consumption process.
E.Oleynikov has reminded that in comparison with other productions (strong alcohol, etc.) the manual labour coefficient in winemaking is very high and “makes approximately 1,14-1,15, and some experts speak about 1,2. Taking into account that in Ukraine the quantity of perennial plantings approximately makes 100 thousand hectare of fructifying vineyards today it is possible to count the quantity of required manual labour: not less than 1 million persons. On this basis, we can view it is possible to judge, how viniculture branch is socially significant for Ukraine”, - E.Oleynikov has underlined and added: “There are a lot of enterprises for which to restore their fund of perennial plantings is unprofitable. Today such producers have proposals of quite good products at democratic prices from Moldavian or Spanish manufacturers. And if not to influence on the processes, to be engaged in domestic winegrowing and primary winemaking could become economically inadvisable by definition. And how this branch is socially significant, I already mentioned”.
All the participants of round table have called branch to sit down at negotiating table for the solution of branch issues, problems and conflicts to come out with common decision.
This statement about necessity of popularisation of Ukrainian wine was the conclusion of speech of each participant of round table.
The information is given by Association “Wine-growers and winemakers of Ukraine”